THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

The human development index in the Southern Federal District

2016. №2, pp. 76-82

Averin Alexander N. - D.Sc. (Philosophy), Professor, School of Public Policy of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, 84 Vernadskogo Ave., Moscow, 119571, Russian Federation,

Ponedelkov Aleksandr V - D.Sc. (Politicy), Professor, South-Russian Institute of management - a branch of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, 70 Pushkinskaya Str., Rostov-on-Don, 344002, Russian Federation,

Usmanov Rafik Kh. - D.Sc. (Politicy), Professor, Astrakhan State University, 20a Tatishcheva Str., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation,

In this article the author examines the dynamics of the index of human development in the regions of the Southern Federal District, the gross national income per capita, the index of income, life expectancy at birth, longevity index, middle, and school life expectancy, education index. Analytical study provides insight into the dynamics of the growth of the index of human development index HDI in recent years, and the main points of the growth of these indicators, and notes that in the Southern Federal District, thanks to the significant changes in the country has increased the value of the human development index. It is noted that in general the Russian Federation in the ranking this year has risen on seven positions in comparison with the previous year and a 50-seat, opening the list of countries with high human development, and dividing this place with Belarus. As a result, the authors on the basis of a comparative analysis and a statistical overview of a wide and available regional capacity makes conclusions and recommendations for further improving the quality and standard of living, as well as the rating of the region and the country as a whole.

Key words: валовой национальный доход на душу населения, индексы доходов, долголетия, образования, развития человеческого потенциала, ожидаемая продолжительности жизни при рождении, средняя продолжительность обучения, ожидаемая продолжительность обучения, gross national income per capita, indices of income, longevity, education, human development, the expected life expectancy at birth, the average length of schooling, the expected duration of the study