THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

Transgression in a condition of Frontier Heterotopia

2014. №3, pp. 276-284

Yakushenkov Sergey N. - D.Sc. (History),Head of chair, Astrakhan State University, 20Р° Tatischev st., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation ,,

Yakushenkova Olesya S. - Post-graduate student, Astrakhan State University, 20Р° Tatishchev st., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation,,

Cross-cultural dialogue on the frontier runs in the framework of the subject-object relations. Moreover, the Subject, trying to substitute an Alien in the natural and cultural landscapes of the Frontier topos, constantly goes to transgression, i.e. borrowing many forms which, being not normative for the culture of the Subject, they are perceived as the most suitable for the new heterotopic landscape. Thus, the formation of a new reality in the conditions of the heterotopia proceeds in the form of transgression, i.e. an attempt to fulfill a cultural space of an Alien. This article underline the role of the transgression in the process of cross-cultural dialogue on the Frontier, a classification of the different types of transgression is given. The authors analyze various forms of transgression aimed at cognition or more precisely "consumption" of an Alien, that is the occupation of his cultural space in his cultural and natural landscapes. The authors illustrate in detail the various forms of transgression, giving numerous examples of the most diverse narratives relating, for both domestic and foreign history. Special attention is paid to primary and secondary factors of transgressive behavior of the Subject in the terms of Frontier heterotopia. Thus, transgression on the frontier is a powerful mechanism of adaptation of Frontier actors to the new conditions of the cultural and natural landscapes.

Key words: Frontier, Heterotopia, Cross-cultural dialogue, Transgression, Alien, adaptation, cultural landscape