THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

Buddhist culture in the west: tradition and modernity

2014. №1, pp. 270-277

Ulanov Mergen S. - Kalmyk State University, 358000, Russian Federation, Elista Str. Pushkin 11, ulanov1974@mail.ru

Article devoted to the phenomenon of Buddhist culture in the West. Traces the history of the spread of Buddhism in Europe and the USA. The author notes that as a result of the spread of the West directions and various Buddhist schools there gradually formed the so-called " globalized " or transnational Buddhism, which, unlike traditional forms is largely free from the context of specific cultural traditions. Pragmatism , tolerance , democracy and doctrinal "flexibility" of Buddhism enabled him to get the current global distribution . Buddhism has become one of the most influential parts of the sociocultural landscape in the process of globalization.

Key words: буддизм, буддийская культура, Запад, Европа, эллинизм, греко-буддистское искусство, иезуиты, буддология, теософия, эмигранты, толерантность, глобализация, Buddhism, Buddhist culture, West Europe, and Hellenism, Greco-Buddhist art, the Jesuits, Buddhologist, Theosophy, immigrants, tolerance, globalization

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