THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

FEATURES OF THE INTERACTION OF POLITICAL, ETHNIC AND RELIGIOUS FACTORS IN THE NORTH CAUCASUS

2021. 2, pp. 103-108

Gadzhiev Magomedemin M. - Dagestan State University

The article analyzes the dialectic of the three most important factors of identification of a person and society - political, ethnic and confessional. They are always inextricably intertwined, but they interact especially closely in the North Caucasus. Attention is drawn to the inadmissibility of underestimating any of them and to the harmfulness of various extremes in the action. It is proved, that the influence of religion on ethno-social processes in certain spheres is manifested with varying degrees of intensity. Religious influence is least noticeable in the financial and economic sphere, since it mainly operates universal and national mechanisms. Some ways of optimizing confessional ethnic and social interaction at the present stage are listed. Among the objective and subjective reasons, that hinder the harmonization of interaction between ethnic, political and religious processes in the region, the lack of stable democratic traditions and civil society institutions is indicated; social and property polarization among various social strata, which leads to the practical absence of the “middle” class, which is a reliable support of society and the state; deformations in the social structure, primarily associated which a significant decrease in the share of the Russian and Russian-speaking population.

Key words: North Caucasus, religion, Islam, religious extremism, Salafism, politics, ethnicity

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