THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal


2021. №2, pp. 31-38

Osmaev Movla K. - Chechen State University

The article is devoted to the insufficiently researched question of the labor heroism of the workers of the rear of the Chechen-Ingush ASSR during the Great Patriotic War, which largely explains its topicality. The relevance of the topic is also explained by the important role of the Chechen-Ingush ASSR with its developed oil industry complex as part of the North Caucasus rear base of the Red Army. The purpose of the article is to determine the degree of impact of labor heroism on improving the efficiency of the economy of Chechen-Ingushetia in the study period. The article is written using the published works of researchers from the Chechen-Ingushetia and the Chechen Republic, materials of the republican newspaper "Grozny Worker" and archival materials, which allowed us to recreate with a sufficient degree of completeness the picture of the heroic work of the workers of the rear of the CHIASSR. The comparative-historical and problem-chronological methods were used in the work, which made it possible to identify the general and special features in the historical events described and to consider in chronological order the activity of the workers of the CHIASSR during the Great Patriotic War. The material involved shows that the active activity of the workers became an important factor that made it possible to fully utilize the entire industrial and agricultural potential of Chechen-Ingushetia in the conditions of a severe war to achieve victory over Nazi Germany. On the basis of the materials used, it can be concluded that the labor heroism of the workers allowed to compensate to some extent for the shortage of workers and the lack of financial and material resources of the state.

Key words: Chechen-Ingush ASSR, Great Patriotic War, oil industry, agriculture, innovation activity, labor exploits, labor mobilizations, defensive lines, military products, Stakhanov movement, home front workers