THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

THE RUSSIAN PEOPLE AND THE STATE: THE POLEMIC OF V. V. ROZANOV AND N. A. BERDYAEV

2021. №1, pp. 149-155

Kartunova Angelina D. - Lomonosov Moscow State University, 27-4 Lomonosovsky Fve., Moscow, 119992, Russian Federation

Puchnina Olga E. - Lomonosov Moscow State University, 27-4 Lomonosovsky Fve., Moscow, 119992, Russian Federation

V. V. Rozanov (1856-1919) and N. A. Berdyaev (1874-1948) were original Russian philosophers and publicists, despite the age difference, they were familiar both personally and with each other's works. Comments on each other's ideas are scattered through various works of philosophers, but there was also a brief period of active mutual polemics in journalism. Despite the contradictory assessment of mutual creativity and the specifics of each person's religious worldview, they addressed common themes. Russian thinkers pointed out the specific features of the Russian national character-the priority of the spiritual principle over the material, the compliance and sacrifice of the Russian person, a special attitude to social and political activity, but each of them interpreted this specificity in their own way. Rozanov and Berdyaev expressed similar opinions about the role and functions of state power in society, in their opinion, it should first of all protect people from arbitrariness and reduce the amount of evil in the world. Their political ideals were also close - as conservative philosophers, they preferred the monarchy. However, Rozanov and Berdyaev had different views on the tasks and goals facing the Russian people, and also had different opinions on the causes and consequences of the First World War for Russia.

Key words: Russia, Russian people, state, religion, Rozanov, Berdyaev, war, monarchy, messianism, journalism

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