THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH OF THE RUSSIAN MARITIME UNION

2021. №1, pp. 38-42

Joraev Medet Techmuratovich - Mikhailovskaya Military Artillery Academy, 22 Komsomola Str., St. Petersburg, 195009, Russian Federation

The article is devoted to the aspects of scientific activity of the Russian Maritime Union. This public organization in the early twentieth century set itself the task of reviving the Russian imperial navy after the defeat in the russo - japanese war of 1904-1905. Meetings of a public organization where scientific problems were discussed are considered. Special attention is paid to the existing rules for publishing a collection of scientific papers by the leaders of the Russian Maritime Union. Information is given on issues related to the colonization of remote areas of Siberia and the Far East. The reasons for the lag of Russian commercial shipping from Western European countries are investigated. The prerequisites for the successful development of German commercial shipbuilding and shipping in the early twentieth century are analyzed. The relationship between the problems of development of Siberian rivers and the unsatisfactory economic condition of remote Russian territories is traced. The history of domestic public organizations and naval affairs in the early twentieth century is studied. In addition, the organization of the Russian maritime union for the promotion of naval knowledge is being considered. The public organization subscribed specialized foreign and domestic literature and created libraries on these issues, open to the public. Then the Russian maritime union attracted such technical innovations as cinematog- raphy and filmstrips to promote naval knowledge among the Russian population.

Key words: Russian Maritime Union, public organization, Russian Imperial Navy, scientific activity, collection of works, commercial shipping, Siberia, Far East, colonization, Siberian rivers, shipping

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