THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

The perception of space and time in Russian medieval culture according to the writings of Europeans

2014. 3, pp. 189-198

Shcherbakova Liliya V. - Ph.D. (Culturology),Associate Professor, Astrakhan State Technical University, 16 Tatishchev st., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation,, lscherbakof@yandex.ru

In this article the problem of perception of space and time peculiar to inhabitants of the Moscow state (the second half of XV – the end of the XVII century) is considered. The subjective perception of the specified categories during a certain historical era allows to see culture of society in all completeness and variety. However the circle of sources on this subject is quite poor. Therefore it is necessary to address to certificates of the foreigners who have visited Russia during the studied period, and to analyse those data which, to some extent, reflect the specified perspective. And though certificates of Europeans in the matter are limited owing to specifics of a subject, it is quite possible to allocate necessary information. In article the following objects of the daily world of the medieval Russian which can be referred to category of space are investigated: house (and house adjoining territory: yard and service premises), settlement, country and "others" territory. At perception of time are analyzed historical, natural (biological), divine time.

Key words: space, time, perception, compositions of Europeans on Russia, Moscow state, Russian medieval culture, everyday life, house, border, settlement, personal and others territory, natural time, historical time, sacral time, preindustrial society

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