THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

THE ROLE OF SIGNIFICATS IN THE FORMATION OF CULTURAL MEMORY IN THE CONDITIONS OF CROSS-CULTURAL DIALOGUE ON THE FRONTIER

2014. №2, pp. 272-280

Romanova Anna P. - D.Sc. (Philosophy), Professor, Astrakhan State University, 20Р° Tatischev st., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation, aromanova_mail@mail.ru

Yakushenkov Sergey N. - D.Sc. (History), Head of chair, Astrakhan State University, 20Р° Tatischev st., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation, shuilong@mail.ru

The article is devoted to signification of cultural memory on the frontier territories. It provides a comparative analysis of concepts of social, historical and cultural memory, shows specifics of cultural memory, the factors of making it into “places of memory”. Specificity of cultural dialogue at different stages of the frontier is analyzed. Keeping in mind that a frontier is a territory inhabited usually by different ethnic groups, any cultural dialogue in such conditions, takes various forms - from peaceful to military. Not only human participate in this fight, but also ideas, symbols, etc. Specific examples of World and Russian history (the events in Chechnya 1819 and "the Massacre at Wounded-Knee" in the US) the authors try to show the role of certain signifcata in cultural dialogue and in the shaping of a new cultural landscape.

Key words: фронтир, сигнификаты, культурная память, этнические группы, этническая история, социальная память, коллективная память, сакрализация, Дади-Юрт, Вундед-Ни, frontier, significats, cultural memory, ethnic groups, ethnic history, social memory, historical memory, collective memory, sacralisation, Dadi-Yurt, Wounded-Knee

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