THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

ETHNOPOLITICAL PROCESSES AND ETHNIC MOBILIZATION OF KARACHAYS AND BALKARS IN THE LATE 20TH - EARLY 21ST CENTURY

2014. №2, pp. 145-150

Akkieva Svetlana I. - D.Sc. (Histiry), Leader Researcher, Humanities Research Institute of the Kabardino-Balkar Scientific Centre RAS, 18 Pushkin st., Nalchik, Kabardino-Balkar Republic, 360000, Russian Federation, asisma@yandex.ru

Temmoev Islam Yu - Ph.D. (Political Science), Associate Professor, Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H. M. Berbekov, 173 Chernyshevskiy st., Nalchik, Kabardino-Balkar Republic, 360004, Russian Federation, temmoev@bk.ru

The article is devoted to ethno-political processes taking place in two multi-ethnic entities of the Russian Federation, Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia in the 1990s, Ethnic mobilization of Karachais and Balkars was linked to the problems of rehabilitation of repressed peoples and passed in conditions of transformation of society, and the exacerbation of inter-ethnic relations in the region. The authors give the description and the process of forming the Karachai and Balkar national movements and turn them into a real political force. The goal of the analysis of search of compromises and contact points in solving problems in the sphere of ethno-political development of peoples, which practically has retained its relevance and early 2000-ies.

Key words: этнополитические процессы, мобилизация, реабилитация, репрессированные народы, национальное самосознание, балкарцы, национальное движение, карачаевцы, межэтнический мир, локальный конфликт, информационная война, оппозиция, ethnopolitical processes, mobilization, rehabilitation, repressed peoples, national consciousness, the Balkars, the national movement, Karachays, and inter-ethnic peace, a local conflict, the information war, the opposition

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