THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

THE PARTY AND POLITICAL SYSTEM OF GREAT BRITAIN IN THE ASSESSMENT POLITICAL THOUGHT RUSSIA OF THE FIRST QUARTER XIX CENTURY

2014. №2, pp. 33-40

Gerasina Anna S - Post-graduate Student, Senior Lecturer, Ryazan State University named S. A. Yesenin, 46 Svoboda st., Ryazan, 390000, Russian Federation, a.gerasina@rsu.edu.ru

The article analyzes the views of representatives of Russian social and political thought at the beginning of the nineteenth century on the evolutionary emergence of political party system in the UK. The social, political and economic peculiarities of Russia, the influence of English constitutional monarchy with a strong socio-political role of the parties and the Parliament on the further political development of the country. In the early nineteenth century in the conditions of necessity of political modernization in the Russian social and political thought have a natural interest in the party and political system of Great Britain. The revival of social and political thought demanded rational appeals to the experience of the construction and operation of state institutions in Western Europe. In Russia, where historically have not been interested engine liberal-bourgeois reforms - the middle class, 20's. nineteenth century ideas of reforming the state, limit autocracy until its destruction and the introduction of the Republican principles proclaimed the best representatives of the liberal and radical nobility.

Key words: партия, партийно-политическая система, власть, парламент, избирательные реформы, модернизация, монархия, party, party and political system, power, parliament, electoral reforms, modernization, monarchy

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