THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

THE HISTORICAL PERIODS OF INTRODUCTION OF COINS AND CURRENCY REFORMS IN RUSSIA

2014. №2, pp. 25-32

Oleg I  - Ph.D. (History), Associate Professor, Astrakhan State University, 20 a Tatishchev st., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation, zakutnov-oleg@mail.ru

Article is devoted to studying of stage-by-stage penetration of coins in Russia, introduction of own monetary units, with the image of symbolics of the Russian State and reflection of all of ideas, concepts of images and inscriptions, names and the dates, meeting on coins. The historical role of monetary reforms of the Russian State is shown: from the first centralized reform of 1535, the presented Russia silver kopek, the monetary Petrovsky reform which has established official tests for silver and gold coins, before emergence of the first paper money and bank notes. Active modernization of monetary reforms of the Russian Empire and modern Russia is considered.

Key words: нумизматика, палеография, сфрагистика, эпиграфика, генеалогия, символ, монета, денежно-весовые системы, денежная реформа, чеканка, куна, веверица, бумажное денежное обращение, numismatics, paleography, sphragistics, epigraphy, genealogy, coins, symbol face values, monetary and weight systems, currency reform, stamping, kuna, veveritsa, paper monetary circulation

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