THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

Peculiarities of national policy (19851991) in the Lower Volga region: issues and solutions

2012. 4, pp. 72-79

Pitsenko Oksana V. - Ph.D. (History), Senior Lecturer, Astrakhan State University, 20 Tatishchev st., Astrakhan, Russia, 414056,

The events of 19851991, known as perestroika, resulted in the increasing inter-ethnic tensions in the union republics, great number of refugees and unwilling migrants to the Lower Volga Region. Non-regulated migration to the region led to misbalance in the established inter-ethnic relations. This period is characterized by the significant increase of national identity, revitalizing of national self-determination trend. One direction in solving national issues, which demanded close attention of the local authorities, was connected with the arrangement and accommodation of the increasing number of the migrant population. The conditions were unsuitable for the flow of migrant, as the state did not have definite migration and social policy at that time. Historical events, changes of policy, economic transition have undoubtedly influenced national feelings, mentality, and residence of ethnic groups, as well as occupations and culture of the peoples. Despite the difficulties, local government provided for conditions for equal rights and sound development of different peoples.

Key words: Perestroika,National policy,International relationships,International conflict,National identity.