THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

MEMORY POLICY POLISH AS A FACTOR OF GENERATION OF EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL CONFLICTS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF POSITIONING JEDWABNE TRAGEDY)

2019. №2, pp. 93-100

Belov Sergey I. - Ph. D. (History), Victory Museum, 10 Bratev Fonchenko St., Moscow, 121170, Russian Federation, belov2006s@yandex.ru

This article is devoted to the study of how the memory policy of modern Poland influences the dynamics of external and internal political conflicts. As a case study, the coverage of the massacre of ethnic Jews in Jedwabne in 1941 was chosen. The methodology of this work is based on the use of descriptive analysis in conjunction with the case-study. The purpose of the study is to assess the policy of the memory of the Polish leadership regarding the events in Jedwabne as a factor in the generation of external and internal political conflicts. The author comes to the conclusion that the policies of the memory of the Polish leadership regarding the events in Jedwabne contribute to the growth of the number of conflicts both within the Polish society, between the official Warsaw and its partners in the international arena. The political leadership of Poland initially did not take measures to stop the inclusive historical narrative, and then completely gave it an official character. This contributed to the hypertrophy of the mechanism of group favoritism within the framework of the formation of national-state identity. As a result, there has been an increase in xenophobic attitudes. This led to a split within the Polish society. The infringement of the interests of ethnic minorities, the impact of globalization processes on the development of eco-nomics and culture made the official model of historical narrative unacceptable for a large part of citizens. At the same time, the growth of xenophobia negatively affected the implementation of a number of pan-European projects, began to negatively affect the image of certain Polish partners, and also contributed to the emergence of a confrontation with them and their closest allies. This trend is most clearly traced by the example of the United States and Israel.

Key words: политика памяти, мемориальная политика, Польша, Едвабня, идентичность, конфликт, Соединённые Штаты Америки, politics of memory, memorial policy, Poland, Jedwabne, identity, conflict, United States of America

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