THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

Strategic potential of "turkish steam" in system of international energy security

2017. №4, pp. 93-100

Shangaraev R. - Ph.D. (Economics), Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, buil. 1, 53/2 Ostozhenka Str., Moscow, 119992, Russian Federation, iamp.cwe@dipacademy.ru

Eyvazov R. - Master’s degree student, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, buil. 1, 53/2 Ostozhenka Str., Moscow, 119992, Russian Federation, r_eyvazov@mail.ru

Turkey seeks to increase its political and diplomatic presence in different regions, sometimes playing the role of "mediator" in relations with Europe and Russia, presenting yourself as a strategic partner to strengthen its position and secure a role of mediator in solving problems and resolving disputes, thereby increasing its role in foreign policy processes. Relations between Russia and Turkey in the field of energy cooperation demonstrate the existence of a "pragmatic immunity," even in conditions of instability in international relations, the crisis in relations between the two States of Western sanctions. Turkey uses its unique geographical position and the potential of a transit energy resource as a tool that allows for equal communication with partners and increasing its political weight. With the revival of the Turkish flow, one can count on progress in Russian-Turkish gas relations, which can become the basis for the transformation of the European energy security system. The role of Turkey as a transit country and its position in the energy system of Europe are related to the nature of the gas agreements signed with the partner countries. In fact, in the context of the energy triangle between the EU, Turkey and Russia, Brussels is trying to impose its rules of the energy game, using destabilization in Russian-Turkish relations, sanctions and measures of political influence.

Key words: Россия, Турция, Газпром, Турецкий поток, энергетический фактор, энергетическая безопасность, стратегический потенциал, Russia, Turkey, Gazprom, Turkish stream, energetic factor, energy security, strategic potential

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