THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

Buddhist church of kalmyks in the policy of astrakhan governors in the second half of the XIX - the beginning of the XX centuries

2017. №4, pp. 29-35

Kurapov A.A. - Ph.D. (History), Deputy Director for Science and Expositions, Astrakhan Museum-Reserve, 15 Sovetetskaya Str., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation,

The article deals with the management of the internal life of the Buddhist church of the Volga Kalmyks by the Astrakhan governors in the second half of the 19th - beginning of the 20th centuries on the basis of the main articles of the "Regulations on the Administration of the Kalmyk People" in 1847. The article analyzes the participation of the Astrakhan governors A.P. Degas and M.A. Gazenkampf in the procedure of election of the lamas of the Buddhist church of the Kalmyk steppe. The elections conducted by the Astrakhan governors were carried out in the interests of the government, the clergy loyal to the regional authorities became the heads of the Buddhist church. The article examines the participation of Astrakhan governors A.P. Degas, E.O. Yankovsky, N.N. Tevyashova, M.A. Gazenkampf in the drafting of bills on reforming the status of the Buddhist church of the Kalmyk steppe, in carrying out restrictive policies regarding the system of Buddhist monastic education, the missionary activity of Buddhist preachers in the Kalmyk uluses.

Key words: Астраханская губерния, Калмыцкая степь, астраханские губернаторы, буддийское духовенство, лама, хурул, христианизация, миссионерская деятельность, законопроект, Astrakhan province, Kalmyk steppe, Astrakhan governors, Buddhist clergy, lama, khurul, christianization, missionary activity, draft law