THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

Philosophical and confessional factor in ideas and practice of the russian state political life (history and present times)

2018. №1, pp. 144-154

Bedaev A.I. - Ph.D. (History), Senior Lecturer, Astrakhan State University, 20a Tatishcheva Str., 414056, Astrakhan, Russian Federation,

The article aims to consider how philosophical and religious factor influenced the development of ideas of the Russian society transformation and its state policy. From chronological point of view the study covers the whole historical way that Russia has made. The author makes conclusions on the differences in the sources which generate the ideas of the state and society reforming, how the political course is implemented in different periods of Russian history, as well as differences in the role that such ideas played in the past and play now. Therefore the article considers not only the religious idea of Russian middle ages, but also the “Russian idea” which appeared later. The author allotted a particular part to the issue of the role this factor plays in the political life of modern Russian society. In this respect the author has analyzed the ideas suggested by K.A. Frolov and K.A. Loginov, V.N. Sagatovskiy, patriarch Kirill, as well as theses stated in the Bases of the Social Concept of the Russian Orthodox Church. The review nature of the article presupposes the use of comparativism method, descriptive and dialectical method, as well as general scientific methods of analysis and synthesis.

Key words: философско-религиозный фактор, русская национальная идея, Святая Русь, Третий Рим, «русская идея», симфония властей, модернизация общества, политическая жизнь, проект К.А. Фролова и К.А. Логинова, Основы социальной концепции Русской Православной Церкви, philosophical and religious factor, Russian national idea, Holly Russia, Third Rome, “Russian idea”, symphonia of powers, modernization of the society, political life, K.A. Frolov and K.A. Loginov’s project, the Bases of the Social Concept of the Russian Orthodox Church