THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

To the question about the inception of the judicial system in the Kalmyk steppe

2016. 2, pp. 56-62

Ulyumdgieva Elena L. - postgraduate student, Kalmyk State University, 11 Pushkina Str., Elista, 358000, Republic of Kalmykia, Russian Federation,

The article describes the process of creating a judicial system in 1918 in the Kalmyk steppe, which was a part of the Astrakhan province. It was shown the leadership of Astrakhan judicial authorities as an example they have developed the most important “Regulations on the local court of Astrakhan province” as far back as March 19, 1918. Regulations introduced only educational qualification for judicial personnel, without affecting issues of prerevolutionary service. The first legislative act of the Kalmyk section of Astrakhan regional Executive Committee became its Resolution of 18 April 1918. This document abolished steppe judicial bodies, dismissed from service the judicial and investigating officials. The documents were revealed in the National archives of Kalmyk Republic, which showed that Chairman of Kalmyk section, E. Hara-Davan first announced the establishment of the People’s courts on 20 March Yashkul Delegates meeting. It was decided to create aimak, ulus and rural People’s courts on the May Yashkul United Russian-Kalmyk congress, whose members shall be elected from among the congregation. But until the middle of the summer the actual work on the creation of the judicial system has not been started. The crusial decision was taken at First Congress of Soviets of Deputies Working Kalmyk People (July 1-3). And on the eve of the Congress had received the letter Commissioner of Justice of the Astrakhan province, it is stating the need for the speedy establishment of the judicial system in Kalmyk uluses. Congress adapted Resolution “On the organization of the court case in the Kalmyk steppe” and created the local People’s courts in every ulus, and also organized six investigative sites (in uluses of Maloderbetovsky, Manychsky, Yandyko-Mochazhny, Erketenovsky, Bagatsohuro-Harahusovsky). The final event was the appointment of A.M. Amur-Sanan Head of the Justice Department of the Kalmyk Executive Committee. Amur-Sanan came from the poor Kalmyk family from the Bolshederbetovsky ulus of Stavropol province. Before the revolution, he studied at the Faculty of Law of the People’s University of A.L. Shanyavsky. After the February Revolution he returned to Kalmyk Republic, where he began to lead political activity. In March 1917 he participated on the Congress of representatives of Bolshederbetovsky ulus people and was elected as a member of Stavropol provincial Executive Committee of the Soviets. In June of the same year he participated in the Congress of the representatives of Kalmyk people of Astrakhan, Don and Terek provinces.

Key words: , , , , , , , , , , , Astrakhan province, Kalmyk steppe, judicial authorities, Congress of Soviets, the local people's court, investigative site, Kalmyk Executive Committee, attorney, judicial personnel, the Decree on people's court, judicial reform