THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

Between nature and civilization: cultural heritage and cultural security of the Chinese park

2015. №4, pp. 282-286

Yakushenkova O.S. - Ph.D. (Philosophy), Assistant, Astrakhan State University, 20a Tatischeva Str., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation,

Heterotopic space - is a term of M. Foucault, that implies a space in which a part of customary norms and laws are violated. Very often, such spaces becomes a threat to the traditional culture and its norms. For example, prisons and mental hospitals themselves are neither positive nor negative phenomena, but what is happening here differs from what happening outside. At the same time, heterotopic spaces have an important deterrent function - because, again returning to the example of prisons, if at the same time all people will get freedom, chaos will come outside of heterotopic space. Out of many heterotopic spaces we would like to highlight the Park as a separate space where chaos of nature and the orderliness of civilization are combined. French and English Park received a Special popularity in Europe, but for us Chinese Park is more interesting, as it represents not only a specific landscape environment, which can also be defined through the term “heterotopia”. Amazing combination of chaos and order allows chinese park to perform in the cultural landscape of China the function of preserving and transmitting of cultural heritage.

Key words: культурная безопасность, культурное наследие, гетеротопные пространства, гетеротопия, cultural security, cultural heritage, heterotopic space, heterotopia