THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

Migrants in Europe and cultural security

2015. 3, pp. 330-337

Lebedeva Irena V. - Ph.D. (Sociology), Associate Professor, Caspian Institute of Sea & River Transport, 6/14 Nikolskaya st., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation, irenalebedeva@mail.ru

Bicharova Mariya M. - Ph.D. (Philology), Caspian Institute of Sea & River Transport, 6/14 Nikolskaya st., Astrakhan, 414000, Russian Federation, valkirija@inbox.ru

The article is devoted to the issues of cultural security in modern Europe, and the policy of multiculturalism. The problems of lack of understanding between the migrants and their host community, the desire to preserve their own identity, not dissolve in the “melting pot” of cultural diversity, are considered today in a new context. It is also about the movement PEGIDA (patriotic Europeans against the Islamization of the West), which blames immigrants for the problems of the modern society. Heads of State have to put a lot of effort to maintain intercultural interaction and balance between “the own” and “the other” in a multicultural and multiethnic society which makes the basis of European cultural security today. The opinion of the Europeans and their attitude towards migrants also differ. However, most people in Europe, expressing their opposition to the flow of migrants to their countries also voiced against the PEGIDA movement and draw parallels with fascism.

Key words: , , , , , , , , policy of multiculturalism, migrants, the movement PEGIDA, Islamophobia, a stranger, the other, the elite, the cultural security

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