THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

Female transgression on heterotopic spaces of the Frontier

2015. 3, pp. 321-326

Yakushenkova Olesya S. - Assistant, Astrakhan State University, 20а Tatishchev st., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation,

Frontier according to the Foucault’s theoretical approach can be looked at as a heterotopic space. Although Foucault does not use the concept of heterotopia for describing Frontier areas, the characteristics of heterotopic spaces he suggests let us think that his approach is very productive in relation to the frontier. Difficult conditions of such space forces a woman to break traditional gender patterns. Both in real life and in media images we see an active transgression of women, who breaks the stereotypes of traditional female behavior. Similar examples we can find in the history of the United States, Russia and China. Modern Chinese cinema, although not always being correct in historical details, however, focuses on of frontier woman’s transgression. She becomes often a warrior, a savage, able to withstand men and even dominate them; her female sexuality is minimized or represented in grotesque way. Even if she's sexy, she's sexually aggressive. However, the meaning of such transformation is always the same one: in times of crisis, a woman can perform «male» gender roles and act in a masculine type of behavior, but once the crisis has passed, she is obliged to return to traditional feminine pattern.

Key words: , , , , , , frontier, women, heterotopic spaces, transgression, sexuality