THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

The historical development of the electoral system in the United States of America

2015. №2, pp. 154-159

Dzhepparov Alim M. - post-graduate student, Kuban State University, 149 Stavropolskaya st., Krasnodar, 350040, Russian Federation, alim_dzhepparov@mail.ru

The article tells about principles of representative democracy in the United States of America, evolution and modern condition of electoral system asfundamental mechanism of representation in the USA. Special aspects of citizens’ electoral rights realization in the United States have been found out. The central focus is made on the development of election legislation and its structure. Additionally, historical stages which had introduced profound changes in the electoral system of the United Stated were determined. An effect of canceling of various voters qualifications on the process of the United States Political Science system democratization as well as the role of the state and Political Science associations in the electoral system were studied. Based on the analysis made we figured out special aspects of electoral process, electoral mechanisms and procedure in the United Stated, their effect on democratism of the Political Science system in the country, the main characteristics of electoral system in the US with its advantages and weaknesses.

Key words: представительная демократия, избирательная система, избирательный процесс, избирательное право, избирательное законодательство, Конституция США, выборы, избирательный ценз, политические партии, первичные выборы, праймериз, representative democracy, electoral system, electoral process, election law, laws on elections, United States Constitution, poll, voters qualification, Political Science parties, primaries

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