THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

Political Science factors of overthrow of M. Gaddafi’s regime and the formation of the postwar Political Science system of Libya

2015. 2, pp. 147-154

Altawel Faris Ali - post-graduate student, Kuban State University, 149 Stavropolskaya st., Krasnodar, 350040, Russian Federation,

Established domestic and foreign factors of destabilization and the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi’s regime in Libya (2011). The main reasons Political Science crises in Libya were not so much internal problems, but foreign interference and intervention. Provocative role played by social discontent. The initiator of the overthrow of the regime was the youth. Used Internet technology to mobilize anti-system opposition. Oppositional actions actively promoted by foreign actors: the United States, Great Britain and France. With the introduction of Western military forces in Libya crisis turned into uncontrolled deep-collapse phase. After the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi the country fall in a deep Political Science crisis. No legitimate power in the pain-necks of the territory of this state, are not formed the main Political Science institutes, not adopted the Libyan constitution. There is a confrontation between the government, tribal sheikhs-governmental and municipal councils. Mass protests are continuing. Problems, which have been calling upon the overthrow of the regime, not solved. Moreover, they are compounded by «Oil crisis», i.e. claims of certain regions (Cyrenaica and Fezzan) on autonomy and independent disposal of their minerals. After the collapse of Jamahiriya in Libya made attempts of approval nominally democratic system, but the situation is close to anarchy. The Political Science system continues to be based, as before, on building balances the interests of tribes and regional clans.

Key words: . , , , , , , Gaddafis regime, Libya, overthrow, Political Science factors, the formation, Political Science system