THE CASPIAN REGION:Politics, Economics, Culture

Scientific journal

The role of local industrial enterprises in organizing the production of everyday objects of demand in the lower Volga region during the great patriotic war (1941-1945)

2015. №1, pp. 383-389

Krasnozhenova Yelena Ye. - Ph.D. (History), Associate Professor, Astrakhan State University, 20a Tatishchev st., Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation,

This article analyzes the work of local industrial enterprises of the Lower Volga region in the area of the region's population objects of everyday use. The Great Patriotic War led to a reduction of centralized funds of industrial products; thereby Lower Volga systematically loses them. An important condition for overcoming shortages of consumer goods in the region was the development of a local manufacturing base. The article deals with the most important decisions of the central and regional authorities in this area. Particular attention is paid to the problem of restoring production of industrial goods in Stalingrad and Kalmyk ASSR after their release from the Nazi troops. Showing the problems and difficulties that have taken place in the regional production cooperatives, examined the role of public authorities and departments working supply to eliminate them. Noted that the activities carried out in the Lower Volga region in the field of production of consumer goods at the enterprises of the local industry will increase the amount of their release by the end of the war period.

Key words: Великая Отечественна война, Нижнее Поволжье, местная промышленность, предметы повседневного спроса, местные органы власти, производственные артели, отделы рабочего снабжения, Great Patriotic war, Lower Volga region, local industry, objects of everyday use, local authorities, industrial cooperatives, workers' supply departments